Stress is the state in which one feels mental and emotional strain due to feeling inappropriate levels of pressure from various circumstances in their lives. Stress is both a good and a bad thing. Positive stress is called eustress, it plays a part in motivating one to complete a task, adapt or react to the environment. On the other hand negative stress, also called distress, is what causes bodily harm and should be avoided.
Stress is caused by either external or internal factors. External factors are those that are caused by the environmental surroundings like work, school or home. That are situations that we find ourselves in but have limited or no control over. This might be loss, mistreatment or excessive work load at the work place. Internal factors are those that we have control over. They include our personality types, perceptions or resiliency.
Those who have the personality type A are more predisposed to stress than those with the personality type B. Those with the type A personality has the habit of overworking themselves in order to beat deadlines and meet targets while the type B personalities are care free and do not worry so much about failing to meet deadlines or set goals. The type A’s in the event of chasing goals tend to forget about other social activities that are necessary for a healthy living like spending time with friends and families or exercising, hence they quickly become stressed. Resiliency, in the lay man’s language, is the ability of one to bounce back after a downfall. Some people are able to cope better than others in hard times like loss. Those who can’t cope are more likely to get stressed by very little or less demanding situations
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION,
To avoid stress is important as it helps us to be healthy and more productive. The following are various ways in which one can prevent themselves from being stressed,
HEALTHY DIET: Eating a balanced diet is a good defense against stress. You should limit or avoid caffeine. This is because it will make you feel wound up and make stressful situations seem more intense. Skipping meals should also be avoided as it can make stress related symptoms seem worse. Drinking a lot of water is also important as it helps ensure sufficient flow of oxygenated blood to the brain ensuring good brain performance. You should also eat all the necessary nutrients that will help ensure you have enough energy and strength to carry out daily tasks efficiently.
EXERCISING: Research shows that exercising can boost ones mood, self-esteem, energy, reducing the risk of stress as it lowers the levels of the body’s stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, as well as stimulating the production of endorphin; “happy hormones”.
PLANNING YOUR TIME WELL: A good time plan helps to avoid last minute rush which can be stressful. Planning your time well in order to meet deadlines should not be over ambitious as this can also be stressful. It should be done according to ones abilities and realistic expectations.
TALK TO SOMEONE: In case you find yourself in a stressful situation, you should find someone trustworthy to talk to. This helps in making you feel like someone has your back. It is also useful as you can be guided in the various possible solutions to the problem you’re facing.